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VBA或VB 使用 DrawText API 在窗体上绘制文本

2020-04-22 08:00:00
Article: Q154517
Product(s): Microsoft Visual Basic for Windows
Version(s): WINDOWS:4.0
Operating System(s): 
Keyword(s): kbprogramming kbVBp400 kb32bitOnly
Last Modified: 11-JAN-2001

The information in this article applies to:

- Microsoft Visual Basic Standard Edition, 32-bit, for Windows, version 4.0 
- Microsoft Visual Basic Professional Edition, 32-bit, for Windows, version 4.0 
- Microsoft Visual Basic Enterprise Edition, 32-bit, for Windows, version 4.0 


The DrawText API gives users the ability to write text to a Device context
giving various alignment and word-wrapping features. This article provides a
code sample showing how to achieve these effects under the 32-bit Edition of
Visual Basic 4.0.


1. Start a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.

2. Add a Command button to Form1.

3. Place the following code in the General Declarations section of Form1:

        Option Explicit

        Private Declare Function DrawText Lib "user32" Alias "DrawTextA" _
          (ByVal hdc As Long, ByVal lpStr As String, ByVal nCount As Long, _
          lpRect As RECT, ByVal wFormat As Long) As Long

        Private Const DT_BOTTOM = &H8
        Private Const DT_CENTER = &H1
        Private Const DT_LEFT = &H0
        Private Const DT_RIGHT = &H2
        Private Const DT_TOP = &H0
        Private Const DT_VCENTER = &H4
        Private Const DT_WORDBREAK = &H10

        Private Type RECT
           Left As Long
           Top As Long
           Right As Long
           Bottom As Long
        End Type

        Private Sub Command1_Click()
          Dim lSuccess As Long
          Dim sPrintText As String
          Dim MyRect As RECT
          Form1.Font.Size = 12
          Form1.ScaleMode = vbPixels
          MyRect.Left = 0
          MyRect.Right = Form1.ScaleWidth
          MyRect.Top = 20
          MyRect.Bottom = 60
          sPrintText = "Print this text"
          lSuccess = DrawText(Form1.hdc, sPrintText, Len(sPrintText), _
          MyRect, DT_CENTER or DT_WORDBREAK)
        End Sub

4. Press the F5 key to run the project, and press the Command button. Text
  should appear in the middle of the form and be word-wrapped. If you Resize
  the form and run the project again, you will note that the text still appears
  in the middle of the form on the horizontal axis.

Following is a list of all the constants that can be used with the DrawText API
to give the various effects documented in the Win32 SDK:

  Global Const DT_TOP = &H00000000
     Global Const DT_LEFT = &H00000000
     Global Const DT_CENTER = &H00000001
     Global Const DT_RIGHT = &H00000002
     Global Const DT_VCENTER = &H00000004
     Global Const DT_BOTTOM = &H00000008
     Global Const DT_WORDBREAK = &H00000010
     Global Const DT_SINGLELINE = &H00000020
     Global Const DT_EXPANDTABS = &H00000040
     Global Const DT_TABSTOP = &H00000080
     Global Const DT_NOCLIP = &H00000100
     Global Const DT_EXTERNALLEADING = &H00000200
     Global Const DT_CALCRECT = &H00000400
     Global Const DT_NOPREFIX = &H00000800
     Global Const DT_INTERNAL = &H00001000
     Global Const DT_EDITCONTROL = &H00002000
     Global Const DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS = &H00004000
     Global Const DT_END_ELLIPSIS = &H00008000
     Global Const DT_MODIFYSTRING = &H00010000
     Global Const DT_RTLREADING = &H00020000
     Global Const DT_WORD_ELLIPSIS = &H00040000


The Win32 SDK has a comprehensive summary of Drawtext and other Drawing and Text

Additional query words:

Keywords          : kbprogramming kbVBp400 kb32bitOnly 
Technology        : kbVBSearch kbAudDeveloper kbVB400Search kbVB400
Version           : WINDOWS:4.0
Issue type        : kbhowto